AMH Blood Test: Is it Accurate? How to Interpret the Results

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AMH Blood Test: Is it Accurate? How to Interpret the Results

AMH Blood Test: Is it Accurate? How to Interpret the Results


Fact Checked

Men are blessed with the ability to produce an infinite number of sperms, with millions of them stored in reserve. But Women, on the other hand, are gifted with only a limited supply of eggs for a lifetime, which also tends to exhaust after a particular period of time.

Exhaustion of all the fertile eggs in a woman reflects zero chances of conceiving naturally, as they become completely infertile after that. This usually happens with menopause, which refers to the period of a woman’s life when menstruation ceases.

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Therefore, a woman needs to identify and preserve their ovarian reserve if the couple plans for a baby. 

AMH (Anti Mullerian Test) therefore identifies the woman’s ovarian reserve and helps diagnose other related problems such as early menopause, low ovarian reserve or PCOD. It will help gain some useful insights into a woman’s body, indicating her fertility duration and remaining quantity of eggs. 

Sharing all the details for the AMH Test, this blog will introduce its accuracy rate and help you know the facts for how to interpret the results for this test. 

What is the AMH Blood Test? 

AMH TEST

If you are planning for a baby, you need to get your ovarian reserve checked to know about your chances of conceiving naturally. AMH Blood Test will measure Anti Mullerian Hormones Level in your blood.

AMH Hormones are the reproductive tissues found in both males and females, and the levels and role played by the hormone further depend on gender and age. 

The test is generally recommended for females to know the snapshot of their reproductive health.

Revealing the levels of Anti-Mullerian Hormones, the AMH test will help reveal important facts about a woman’s fertility and ovarian reserves- the number of fertile eggs left in a woman’s body.   

  • A higher AMH level in childbearing age means a high egg count and higher ovarian reserve. 
  • And a lower AMH level means a low egg count and low ovarian reserve.

Women with high ovarian reserve have an option to wait for years or months to get pregnant. But if the reserve is low, this might trouble her pregnancy process, further reflecting that she may not delay the same anymore. 

Does diagnosing accurate AMH Levels help in determining IVF Success rate? 

AMH test helps to know the egg counts in females. It doesn’t tell the quality of the eggs, but retaining more eggs while IVF retrieval gives more to work. Women with high AMH serum levels have a better response to ovarian stimulation for IVF.

According to the journal of reproductive medicine AMH levels predict IVF outcome, high AMH levels mean more eggs retrieved, higher birth rate, and leftover embryos can be frozen. Low AMH level alone is not the cause of low IVF chances under 35 years old women.

Does AMH level affect fetus growth?

The hormone plays a vital role in the baby’s sex organ development inside the womb. The higher level of AMH in unborn male babies prevents the growth of female organs.

In the unborn female baby, a low level of AMH is produced for the development of female reproductive organs. 

Although, the AMH levels play a different role for females after puberty. 

AMH test uses-

  • Check Women’s capabilities of producing eggs(count and quality)
  • Helps to know potential egg cells left in the female body
  • Predict the start of menopause
  • The reason for early menopause
  • Why the menstrual cycle is irregular or delayed
  • diagnose PCOS
  • and monitor certain types of ovarian cancer

Other names for AMH test-

The other name prevailing for AMH tests across the globe are MIH, MIF, MIS,  AMH hormone test, müllerian inhibiting factor, müllerian-inhibiting hormone, and müllerian-inhibiting substance

The test is available at very affordable rates, starting from 700/- to 1000/-. 

How to Interpret the AMH result?

Values in the AMH test will help reveal whether the woman is fit for being pregnant or if she needs to take some steps. These, therefore, reflect the size of ovarian reserve or the remaining egg supply. 

Some problems evolve while interpreting the AMH hormone levels. These occur because the test was not in routine for the past many years, and the normal levels for this test have still not gained much clarity and agreement from all the experts. 

AMH levels do not give any idea about egg quality, but an increased or more ovarian reserve will provide a better and positive response to IVF or ovarian stimulation.

  • High AMH levels refer to low cancellation chances, higher live birth rates, more eggs retrieval and increased chances of embryos freezing.
  • Low AMH levels, therefore, decrease IVF success rates, but it does not say that the couple does not attempt the same. 

Extracted from fertility literature, these mentioned AMH levels will help you with the interpretation guidelines-

Very LowLess than 0.5ml / ng.
Low0.5 – 1.00 ml/ng.
Low Normal Range1.00 – 1.5 ml/ng.
Normal1.5 – 4.00 ml/ng.
High (PCOS)Over 4.00 ng/ml.

Good AMH levels according to age

You may see decreased AMH levels as you age; it’s natural. They intend to reduce with age. The following levels represent a lower spectrum of AMH for

respective ages.

  • 25 years old: 3.0 ng/mL
  • 30 years old: 2.5 ng/mL
  • 35 years old: 1.5 ng/mL
  • 40 years old: 1 ng/mL
  • 45 years old: 0.5 ng/mL

What Does the AMH test Reveal about a Female’s Fertility? 

Anti-Mullerian Hormones play an important role in the AMH test.

During the initial weeks of pregnancy, an unborn baby will start developing sex organs, and AMH hormones play an important role in its development. 

An unborn male baby will have high AMH levels, which helps restrict the development of female organs in the body. In contrast, a female unborn baby will have a small amount of AMH, helping develop female organs. 

The AMH test helps gain information about a woman’s fertility, revealing her abilities to get pregnant. A woman’s ovary produces thousands of eggs during her active childbearing years, which tends to decline with age, and AMH will help know about this reserve. 

What Does the AMH test tell?

  • The remaining number of potential eggs you can have.
  • The underlying condition of the ovaries. 
  • It may reveal whether you have a shorter cycle to get pregnant. 
  • The test can help in understanding the adaptability of injection during IVF treatment  
  • And helps to identify the dosage of fertility drugs needed to stimulate the production of eggs.

What can’t an AMH test tell?

it cannot tell about how fertile you will remain or are in your growing age

Things to Take Care Before Taking AMH Test: 

You need not take any special precautions or need not go for any special preparation before an AMH test, and the test only requires a blood sample extracted from your veins. 

You will feel only a little sting when the needle is inserted or when it goes out. The test usually takes even less than five minutes. 

But you need to stop taking your birth control pills 1-2 before planning to have your AMH test done. There are no further risks associated with the test. 

Seek Professional Help for AMH Blood Test: 

Although the test does not have any further risks, small negligence on behalf of professionals can lead to bigger problems. 

Even if your AMH levels are normal, other factors might influence your ability to conceive. They are-

  • Medical conditions, age, smoking habits, drinking habits, etc
  • Your partner’s sperm count, problems like azoospermia, and motility
  • The blocked fallopian tube, endometriosis, fibroids, irregular ovulation, and pelvic scarring

Get the Best Professional Assistance at Aastha Fertility Care, helping you with fast and accurate results. Book an appointment with the expert team at Aastha Fertility, equipped with latest methodologies and top-notch equipment, helping you turn your infertility into fertility.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is a normal AMH level?
    1.5 – 4.0 ng/ml considered normal AMH blood level for women under 35.
  2. What is a good AMH level to get pregnant?
    Based on the amount of AMH in the blood, the doctor estimates the number of follicles present in the ovary, so the AMH count of a fertile woman is estimated from 1.0 to 4.0.
  3. How much does an AMH blood test cost?
    Although the ANTI MULLERIAN HORMONE test cost depends on the quality and facilities and may vary from lab to lab but generally the cost ranges from 1000 to 2000.
  4. When should I go for the AMH test?
    You may need an AMH test if you’re having difficulty getting pregnant. The test shows the potential egg count and chances of conceiving. If you’re undergoing IVF treatment, tests show how well your body responds to the treatment and the dosage required for fertility drugs to increase the number of eggs.
    An AMH test is necessary if you have any symptoms like excess facial or body hair growth, menstrual disorders, decreased breast size, or weight gain. The test may also be required if you’re under treatment for ovarian cancer to know if the treatment is working

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