10 Different Types Of Miscarriages You May Have

  • Home
  • Info
  • 10 Different Types Of Miscarriages You May Have
10 Different Types Of Miscarriages You May Have

10 Different Types Of Miscarriages You May Have


Fact Checked
Different Types Of Miscarriages You May Have

Miscarriages are always painful and heartbreaking experiences. When you have suffered a miscarriage, you are indeed left with many questions in your mind. For example, what’s the difference between a missed or a chemical or any other type of miscarriage? Knowing the facts may help you realize that nothing you had done ended in miscarriage. So, you may learn about the many types of miscarriages in the post below, as well as the physical recovery or emotions that each one entails.

Speak with a fertility specialist at Aastha Fertility today!

Call Now to Consult An Expert

Understanding Miscarriage

A miscarriage, sometimes known as a spontaneous abortion, is pregnancy loss before twenty weeks and affects about 15% to 20% of all conceptions. Miscarriages mainly occur in the first trimester and may also happen in the later trimesters.

Common Types of Miscarriage

Types of Miscarriage

It is crucial to learn about different kinds of miscarriages when recovering from a miscarriage so that you better understand what you are dealing with when your pregnancy results in a miscarriage. Are you curious about the various sorts of miscarriages that might occur? Here we have listed ten different types of miscarriages that you can have.

Clinical Miscarriage

In a clinical miscarriage, clinical indicators of pregnancy are there in addition to a positive pregnancy test, including a visible fetal sac or a missed period while undergoing an ultrasound. Hence, it is any miscarriage that isn’t chemical.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during a clinical miscarriage:

  • Light vaginal bleeding
  • Severe pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Passage of pregnancy tissues through the vagina
  • Brown discharge (old blood stored in the uterus)
  • Spotting 
  • Dizziness
  • Early pregnancy symptoms (tenderness of the breast, nausea) vanish
  • Pain in abdomen 

Causes

Causes that are linked with clinical miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal development of the uterus
  • Binge smoking
  • consuming illicit drugs
  • Hyperthyroidism 
  • Severe diabetes

Treatment

Clinical miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Medical treatment (using Cytotec drug).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Chemical Miscarriage

The distinction between a clinical and a chemical miscarriage is much more than a technique of expressing if the loss occurred early or late. The egg is fertilized in a chemical miscarriage that prompts the body to generate HCG, the pregnancy hormone. However, because the fertilized egg doesn’t ever implant, no clinical evidence of miscarriages, such as a fetus or a sac, exists. These short pregnancies usually end before you miss a menstrual period.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during Chemical Miscarriage:

  • Periods arrive late by a week
  • A pregnancy test shows a positive result, but your period comes shortly after.
  • Menstrual cramps are more intense, and your period is heavier than usual.
  • Low HCG levels
  • Cramping

Causes

Causes that are linked with chemical miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal uterine
  • Implantation happens outside the uterus
  • Infections (like syphilis or chlamydia)
  • Hormone imbalances

Treatment

Chemical miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Physical needs should be taken care of after a chemical miscarriage.
  • Emotional needs (anger, jealousy, guilt) should be removed after a chemical miscarriage.
  • Labour with medication (pain-relief medication or intravenous injections is taken).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Incomplete Miscarriage

A miscarriage is incomplete means your body can’t evacuate the fetus itself. In a few circumstances, a minor surgery known as a D&C could be required to verify that everything is expelled before attempting to conceive again.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during an incomplete miscarriage:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Some women might encounter excruciating pain.
  • Early pregnancy symptoms vanishes

Causes

Causes that are linked with incomplete miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal shape of uterine
  • Weaken immune system
  • Inborn heart disease
  • Improper implantation
  • Bad lifestyle (binging alcohol, smoking, weed)
  • Hormonal imbalances
  • Past miscarriage

Treatment

Incomplete miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Watchful waiting: In this treatment, your IVF specialist DR Namita Kotia waits to see if the product of conception naturally passes through the body.
  • Dilation and Curettage (D&C) surgical procedure prevents heavy bleeding.
  • The medication Cytotec (misoprostol) is administered by mouth or vaginally.

Complete Miscarriage

The main distinction between an incomplete and a complete miscarriage is whether your body begins and completes the miscarriage. Bleeding happens after a complete miscarriage, and it occurs naturally. However, during a complete miscarriage, every fetal tissue is removed from the uterus; thus, you might pass huge clots.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during a complete miscarriage:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Severe pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Passage of pregnancy tissues

Causes

Causes that are linked with complete miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal development of the placenta
  • Abnormal development of the fetus
  • Weaken of cervix
  • Underlying health conditions (heart disease, kidney disease, HIV, thyroid)
  • Bad lifestyle (binging alcohol, smoking, weed)
  • Hormonal imbalances (PCOS)
  • Avoiding medications like (retinoids, NSAIDs, misoprostol and antidepressant)

Treatment

No further treatment is usually required if the miscarriage is complete (all fetal tissue has been expelled from your uterus). 

Your IVF specialist DR Namita Kotia will conduct an ultrasound test to make sure there are no leftover tissues.

Early Miscarriage

A miscarriage that occurs before the 13th week of pregnancy is an early miscarriage. However, if it occurs early in the pregnancy, your healing could be swift, and you can initiate trying again immediately after consulting with your doctor. Uterine structural issues can also cause early miscarriage.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during an early miscarriage:

  • Light vaginal bleeding
  • Severe pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Passage of pregnancy tissues through the vagina
  • Brown discharge (old blood stored in the uterus)
  • Spotting 
  • Dizziness
  • Early pregnancy symptoms (tenderness of the breast, nausea) vanish
  • Pain in abdomen 

Causes

Causes that are linked with early miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal development of the uterus
  • Binge smoking
  • consuming illicit drugs
  • Hyperthyroidism 
  • Severe diabetes

Treatment

Early miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Medical treatment (using Cytotec drug).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Late Miscarriage

A miscarriage usually happens from 14 to 24 weeks and is a late miscarriage and is generally referred to as stillbirth. Late miscarriages are generally associated with longer healing times, both emotionally and physically, and substantially heavy bleeding. It also requires pelvic rest for a few months before trying to conceive again.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during a late miscarriage:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Severe pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Spotting 
  • No movement of the fetus
  • Unexplained tissue passing through the vagina

Causes

Causes that are linked with late miscarriage are:

  • Cervical insufficiency
  • Congenital conditions
  • Abruption of placenta
  • Infections (chlamydia and viral vaginitis)
  • Traumas in abdomen
  • Consuming illicit drugs and alcohol
  • Medical conditions (PCOS, thyroid, blood pressure)
  • Development of blood clots through thrombophilia

Treatment

Late miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Labour with medication (pain-relief medication or intravenous injections is taken).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).
  • Steer clear of intercourse to avoid cramping and bleeding.
  • Physical needs should be taken care of after a late miscarriage.
  • Emotional needs (anger, jealousy, guilt) should be taken off after a late miscarriage.

Primary Miscarriage

Primary miscarriage is when it is in your initial pregnancy. Just because you have had a miscarriage in your initial pregnancy doesn’t mean you don’t have another chance. You can try conceiving again.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during primary miscarriage:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Spotting 

Causes

Causes that are linked with primary miscarriage are:

  • Clotting disorder (like lupus anticoagulant)
  • Genetics
  • Infections
  • Anatomic problems (defect in the uterus)

Treatment

  • Maintain a healthy diet.
  • Avoid alcohol, recreational drugs, and cigarette smoking.
  • Cut down your caffeine consumption to 200 mg per day
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Eliminate the use of illicit drugs and alcohol

Repeat Miscarriage

It is considered a repeat miscarriage when you have had more than one miscarriage. It usually occurs within the initial trimester and is mostly caused due to chromosomal or genetic disorders in the embryo, with chromosomal abnormality accounting for about 50% to 80% of spontaneous losses.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during repeat miscarriage:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Spotting 
  • Severe back pain
  • Discharge of mucus (white & pink)

Causes

Causes that are linked with repeat miscarriage are:

  • Blood clotting disorder (like lupus erythematosus)
  • Genetics
  • Infections
  • Abnormal shaped uterus results in miscarriages 
  • Thyroid problems
  • Weakness of cervix
  • Age
  • The last and most crucial cause is back-to-back miscarriages
  • Abnormal chromosomes (known as translocation) in eggs

Treatment

  • Frequent blood tests to check complications.
  • Investigating the shape of the uterine to recommend surgery if recommended.
  • Medical treatment (using Cytotec drug).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Secondary Recurrent Miscarriage

It is regarded as a secondary miscarriage when you have already given birth to a baby preceding this miscarriage. However, it is not a repeat miscarriage. Approximately 15 per cent of secondary recurrent miscarriages occur due to uterine structural issues. Uterus abnormalities are usually with birth, such as septate, when the uterus is divided by a wall, double uterus, or a few less prevalent congenital issues.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during secondary recurrent miscarriage:

  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Spotting 
  • Severe back pain
  • Discharge of mucus (white & pink)

Causes

Causes that are linked with secondary recurrent miscarriage are:

  • Blood clotting disorder (like lupus erythematosus)
  • Genetics
  • Infections
  • Abnormal shaped uterus results in miscarriages 
  • Thyroid problems

Treatment

  • Medical treatment (using Cytotec drug).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Also Read: How to Get Rid of Bulky Uterus

Sporadic Miscarriage

A sporadic miscarriage is a term used to describe the first miscarriage, irrespective of if you have had a child before or not. It is among the most prevalent complications of early pregnancy. Two or three pregnancy losses in a row is a rare occurrence that is treated as a distinguished disease or disorder. Sporadic miscarriages may be considered due to defective embryos failing to reach viability.

Symptoms

Women might experience the following symptoms during a sporadic miscarriage:

  • Heavy vaginal bleeding
  • Severe pain in the abdomen 
  • Cramping
  • Passage of pregnancy tissues

Causes

Causes that are linked with sporadic miscarriage are:

  • Abnormal development of the placenta
  • Abnormal development of the fetus
  • Weaken of cervix
  • Underlying health conditions (heart disease, kidney disease, HIV, thyroid)
  • Bad lifestyle (binging alcohol, smoking, weed)
  • Hormonal imbalances (PCOS)
  • Avoiding medications like (retinoids, NSAIDs, misoprostol and antidepressant)

Treatment

Sporadic Miscarriage usually involves any of the following procedures (treatment):

  • Watchful waiting.
  • Medical treatment (using Cytotec drug).
  • Surgical treatment (Dilation and Curettage (D&C) prevent heavy bleeding).

Which Week is Vulnerable for Miscarriage– Risks and Statistics

The following pointers show the general miscarriage risk by week:

Week 3-4

  • A woman’s implantation usually occurs three weeks following her last period.
  • By week 4, a home pregnancy test may show a positive result.
  • It is estimated that 50–75% of pregnancies end before positive pregnancy test results. 
  • In most cases, women do not know that they are pregnant, although a few may suspect they were by experiencing symptoms of pregnancy loss.

Week 5

  • At this stage, the rate of miscarriage varies. A Journal published in 2013 found that 21.3% of pregnant women lose their pregnancy after week 5.

Week 6-7

  • According to the same study mentioned above, the rate of miscarriages drops to 5% after week 6.

Week 8-13

  • As per a study published in 2013, during the second half of the first trimester, miscarriages occur at a rate of 2–4%.

Week 14-20

  • There is less than a 1% chance of miscarriage between weeks 14 and 20.
  • If a miscarriage or pregnancy loss occurs within week 20 of pregnancy, it is considered a stillbirth which may result in labor (pain-relief medication or intravenous injections are taken). 

Why do we need to talk about losing a baby?

Despite modern medical advances, miscarriage and stillbirth are taboo topics worldwide, associated with stigma and shame. 

  • In the Lancet journal, 23 million stillbirths and miscarriages occur annually.
  • Remember to be kind to yourself since you have been through a great deal of grief and need time to recover physically and mentally.

If you struggle to manage your 

  • Guilt
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Anger or
  • Trying to coping up with the days after the death of your child
  • Not able to express your emotions
  • Having physical reactions like palpitations, butterflies in the stomach, pain in the chest, cold and insomnia.

Please, it is recommended to visit your IVF specialist or talk to your friends, loved ones, and family members for support during this difficult time.

At Aastha Fertility, our goal is to help our clients cope with their grief, anger, and depression to get them emotionally and physically ready to experience parenthood again.

You Can Also Reach Out To Us

Besides, there are other types of miscarriages, such as missed miscarriage, vanishing twin miscarriage, blighted ovum miscarriage, etc. However, there is a difference between missed abortion and blighted ovum.  A delayed missed, or early embryo loss is referred to as blighted ovum miscarriage when an ultrasound scan displays a pregnancy sac without anything inside. It usually occurs when the fertilized eggs are not normally developed, resulting in the growth of a sac without a baby.  Many causes are there that cause miscarriage, but the most prevalent is miscarriage because of blood type.

Leave a comment

Book Free Consultation

Get in touch with us

Take your first stop with us today

Get in touch with us

Take your first stop with us today