Top 6 Symptoms of Low Sperm Count in Males
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Dr. Namita Kotia has been practicing infertility treatment at Aastha Fertility Care since 2010, and during this time, she has helped around 2000+ couples become parents through IVF treatment and also other assisted reproductive technology (ART) methods like ICSI, IUI, GIFT, etc. Dr. Namita provides her patients with the best possible care and treatment options.
Male infertility has become a severe problem globally; about 7 percent of men worldwide suffer from sexual diseases like low sperm count and early ejaculation. Research says that a million couples seek a diagnosis of infertility annually; half of the cases are of male infertility.
Over the years, there has been a decline in semen quality in men, which could be environmental, nutritional, socioeconomic, or in some percentage, unknown causes.
The other causes for low sperm count in men are complex lifestyles, stress, and unhealthy habits that have led to bad sexual health among adults, which has severe effects on the sperm count of males.
Finding the early symptoms of low sperm count will help you fight against this cause with effective treatments. But how? But first, let us understand what low sperm count is.
What Do You Mean By Low Sperm Count?
Low sperm count is when the semen ejaculated has less sperm than otherwise usual.
Less than 15 million sperm per milliliter of semen or less than 39 million total sperm per ejaculation is considered less than an average sperm count. A lower sperm count is referred to as Oligospermia.
Other Symptoms causing Oligospermia
- When sperm concentration, which is sperm count per milliliter of semen, is below average
- Sperm Motility, which is the percentage of sperm that are actively swimming, is low.
- Sperm Morphology, which is the shape of the sperm, is deformed.
Low sperm count is considered present in men if either of these conditions is present, which is becoming quite familiar over the years.
Symptoms of Low Sperm Count
The main symptom of Oligospermia is infertility.
When the low sperm count is caused by an underlying condition like hormone imbalance, testicular issue, chromosomal abnormality, or blockage, there may be other symptoms related to the situation, like:
- Difficulty with Sexual Functions:
A man with a low sperm count may have a low sex drive. Low sperm count or Oligospermia decreases the odds of sperm fertilizing a woman’s eggs, leading to pregnancy. Some men with Oligospermia may not face any problem with conception; others may require more attempts to conceive naturally.
- Less facial and body hair:
It could indicate the presence of low male hormones, testosterone, in the body. Decreased body or facial hair could be a sign of hormonal or chromosomal abnormality in a man. We can’t say for sure what’s causing your low sperm count, but there are a few different reasons why this could be happening. Meager body weight and obesity can both lead to changes in testosterone levels. It’s also possible that hormonal imbalances could be the culprit. Sometimes these things manifest as a lack of facial hair as well.
- Erectile dysfunction:
Men with low sperm count may find that it’s hard to have a normal drive. It can lead to problems with erections. Difficulty in maintaining an erection is known as erectile dysfunction. Two common causes of erectile dysfunction are low sperm count and hormonal issues. In both cases, a man might experience a lack of libido, as well as trouble maintaining an erection.
- Swelling or pain in and around the Testicles:
A man with a low sperm count may have pain or swelling in or around the testicles. It is advisable to get yourself checked by a urologist when facing this problem. There could also be a lump around the genital area that is an indication of low sperm count that the doctor should check immediately.
- Deep voice could also indicate low sperm count:
Some studies have found that men with deep voices often have low sperm count. Women like men with deep voices. A deep voice indicates good testosterone levels, but a voice that is too deep may also indicate low sperm count.
- Lack of muscle may also be a sign of lower sperm count:
Men who can’t build muscle may also be more likely to suffer from lower sperm count. Men with too much muscle fat (estrogen) can produce higher estrogen levels, and when estrogen levels go up, your sperm count may decrease.
Low Sperm Count And Fertility Treatment
Low sperm count could also make it difficult or, in many cases, impossible for a man to provide quality sperm, leading to difficulty in natural conception. In such cases, the help of medical procedures like IUI and IVF are taken to conceive a biological child.
Even with the help of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), the success rate in IUI and IVF could be affected because of low sperm quality. In such cases, a donor’s sperm can be used to fertilize a woman’s egg.
# Male Low sperm Count and IUI:
IUI can increase the chances of pregnancy in couples where a man suffers from low sperm count affecting his fertility. Since the sperm used is of the male partner, its quality plays a vital role in the success of this treatment.
# Male Low sperm Count and IVF:
IVF Treatment is done using a couple’s eggs and sperm. In cases where a man has low sperm count or has sperms with poor motility, the sperms can still be used to fertilize an egg through IVF by placing the egg and the sperm closer to each other in a laboratory dish.
Treat Oligospermia By Taking Professional’s Help
The good news is that Oligospermia can be treated both naturally and with professional medical help. Several foods can help boost sperm count, including those rich in Vitamin C and D, dark vegetables, Walnuts, fatty fish, and fenugreek. Astha Fertility clinic is amongst the foremost fertility care centers with the most advanced treatment for infertility caused by male Oligospermia or any other sexual issues.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. Are there any foods that increase sperm count in men?
Many foods will help improve sperm counts like food rich in Vitamin C and D, dark and leafy vegetables, Walnuts, fatty fish, and fenugreek.
2. Does smoking affect sperm count?
Yes, research has shown that smoking does affect sperm, making them smaller and slower. It also harms DNA.
3 What are the risks with IVF/ IUI?
There are a few risks with IVF, like mild ovarian hyperstimulation that happens to about 10-20 women out of 100 who try IVF. Multiple births can also occur because of IVF.