Types of IVF and their Procedures
In-Vitro fertilization, popular as IVF, is one of the significant artificial reproductive technology processes suggested for infertility treatments. Here, the sperm and eggs are fertilized in a test tube. Once fertilization is done, the embryo is transferred to the uterus, aiming for a successful conception.
Depending on the source of eggs and the embryo transfer process, there can be quite a few varieties of IVF procedures. IVF has a promising success rate. For women below 35 years, the success rate is 55% which further varies depending on the type of IVF and other factors.
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What are the Different Types of IVF Procedures?
A. Traditional IVF
In traditional IVF methods, matured eggs are retrieved from the ovary and fertilized with sperm in a laboratory. Once the embryo is fertilized and transferred to the uterus for a fruitful conception.
This form of IVF is suitable for those suffering from low sperm count, unknown infertility, several failed attempts of IUI, and blocked or damaged fallopian tubes.
The success rate on the first attempt is around 55%.
B. Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
In the process of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, a tiny needle called a “micropipette” containing a single sperm is injected into the egg’s cytoplasm. This procedure prepares the gametes for the obtention of embryos into the uterus.
ICSI is suitable for those suffering from a severely low count of sperm, irregular shape sperm, or poorly-mobile sperm.
The average cost of ICSI is INR 2.1-2.6 lakhs.
The time required for ICSI is 37-41 hours, and the success rate is around 80-85%.
C. Frozen Embryo Transfer (FET)
FET is another form of IVF, where the embryo of previous IVF cycles or donors has been frozen in a lab set-up. Eventually, these are thawed and placed in the uterus. The embryos are frozen by the slow freezing method, and the success rate is almost 80%.
The embryos are usually frozen by vitrification at the blastocyst stage. It is suitable for people with low sperm counts and facing unsuccessful IVF cycles.
Also, Read the Symptoms of Low Sperm Count
It takes about 6 to 8 weeks.
It costs roughly Rs 40,000-60,000 per cycle.
D. Mini IVF
Mini IVF is more or less similar to traditional IVF, the only difference being the use of less medication for the stimulation of ovaries. The successful pregnancy rate is 36.1%.
Here, fewer eggs are retrieved, followed by the formation of fewer embryos. So, the chances of a successful pregnancy are also lesser.
A mini IVF cycle takes two weeks; the average cost is INR 70,000.
E. Natural Cycle IVF
Going by the nomenclature, natural cycle IVF is where no fertility medication is used to stimulate ovulation. This process also avoids the production of multiple follicles. Though it is suitable for everyone suffering from infertility, the success rate of this process is as low as 7-10%.
The average cost for this procedure is INR 35,000 to INR 75,000, and the duration is approximately 10-14 days.
F. Assisted Hatching
Assisted Hatching is a complex form of IVF, where the embryo is made to hatch from the shell through a small crack on the zona pellucida. This is suitable for women over 37 years of age and those who failed IVF attempts.
Hatching happens on the 6th day after fertilization and costs about Rs 15,000-30,000 per cycle.
The success rate with this assisted hatching process is 38%.
G. Donor Egg IVF
Donor egg IVF is done when eggs are taken from another woman. This process shows a higher success rate of 50%-70% in conceiving the first time and 90% in conceiving the third time.
The average cost of this process ranges between INR 1-1.75 lakhs. Women with poor egg quality or less production opt for this process. This process takes about three weeks to complete.
H. Donor Embryo IVF
When the donor supplies the egg and the sperm, the process is called donor embryo IVF. The success rate of this process is 50%-70%, and it is suitable for couples with poor-quality of eggs and sperm or same-sex couple.
The duration needed for completing one cycle is three weeks, and the average cost is Rs 35,000-Rs 55,000.
I. Gestational Carrier IVF
Gestational carrier IVF is a complex process where the embryo, after fertilization, is planted in the body of a woman, who carries and delivers the baby successfully for another couple. Couples facing severe fertility or health issues in carrying a child to term opt this process.
The success rate is 95%, and the cost is as high as Rs 5-6 lakhs.
J. Intrafallopian Transfer (IFT)
Intrafallopian Transfer, or IFT, is where sperm and eggs are fertilized outside and transferred to the fallopian tube through a laparoscopic surgical procedure. The process is known as Zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT).
It costs about INR 10-14 lakhs. The success rate is 40-50%, and it takes about 5-6 weeks to complete one successful transfer.
How to Find Out Which type of IVF Procedure is the Best Option for You?
Among all the IVF processes, you need to opt for the one that caters to your health conditions and fertility issues. Several factors help you to determine the IVF process. Those factors include quality and quantity of eggs, sperm, and embryos, health and condition of fallopian tubes and uterus, and irregularity of the ovulation cycle.
Ideally, you should visit a doctor for a thorough check-up to understand the infertility condition and relevant measures. If you are going through such issues, visit us at Aastha Fertility Care.
We are one of the best IVF centers in the country. With qualified and experienced IVF Specialists on board and top-notch medical equipment, our medical center caters to all infertility issues and provides its best remedies.
Check out Aastha Fertility Services
If you are experiencing such concerns, contact us at Aastha Fertility Care for a detailed consultation and check-up.